Thursday 27 June 2013

Palais d'Egmont, Brussels




Transatlantic security: Tactical and strategic challenges

Transatlantic security challenges are changing fast in the wake of the Arab spring, with growing volatility in the Maghreb region beginning to provoke instability elsewhere in Africa. The focus of policymakers on security within Europe seems increasingly outdated, with EU leaders having scheduled a European Council in December to discuss strengthening the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and improving military resources and capabilities. But how much consensus is there in Europe on the nature of threats, what should our responses be and how might the EU’s security objectives be re-defined? What lessons should we draw from the ripple effects of the NATO operation in Libya in 2011 to oust Ghaddafi, and from the international community’s indecision over the Syrian conflict? With some wanting NATO to look further eastwards once its ISAF mission in Afghanistan is wound down, what is the likely scope of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) in the next five years? Can EU-NATO cooperation be given a fresh dynamic?

Welcome remarks:

Giles Merritt, Director, Security & Defence Agenda (SDA)


Elmar Brok, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committe, European Parliament

Hüseyin Diriöz, Assistant Secretary General for Defence Policy and Planning, NATO

Pierre Vimont, Executive Secretary General, European External Action Service (EEAS)

Tamás Vargha, Hungarian State Secretary of Defence


Moderated by SDA co-president Jaap de Hoop Scheffer


10:15-10:45 COFFEE BREAK





Stéphane Beemelmans, State Secretary of the German Ministry of Defence

Pieter De Crem, Belgian Defence Minister

Franco Frattini, Former Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and former Vice President of the European Commission

Bogdan Klich, Member of the Polish Senate and former Polish Defence Minister

Rt. Hon. Lord John Reid, Former UK Defence Secretary and Home Secretary, Principal of the Chertoff Group and Chair of the Institute for Security and Resilience Studies

Moderated by SDA Co-president Jaap de Hoop Scheffer




The impact of Austerity on defence capabilities

NATO and EU-led military operations have stretched European countries' military capabilities to breaking point. But that hasn’t saved most of them from austerity cuts. Does this mean that NATO's 'smart defence' and the EU's ‘pooling and sharing’ are at last about to blossom into cross-border defence industry partnerships around Europe and across the Atlantic? The fate of the proposed EADS-BAE merger suggests otherwise, but was it too ambitious at a time when the eurozone crisis is sapping EU solidarity? Can smaller building blocks like the EU's R&D budgets and its Horizon 2020 initiative kick-start a renewed European collaborative defence industry drive? Where is the 'Grand Strategy' called for in years past that would encompass Europe's changing security needs, its updated capability requirements and its industrial strengths and weaknesses? With the U.S. Department of Defense budget also under threat, how might the Pentagon’s cuts affect transatlantic relations and NATO operations?


Patrick Auroy, Assistant Secretary General for Defence Investment, NATO

Christian Bréant,  Research & Technology Director, European Defence Agency (EDA)

Phillippe Brunet, Director for Aerospace, Maritime, Security & Defence Industries, European Commission, DG for Enterprise and Industry

Michael Gahler, Member of the Subcommittee on Security and Defence, European Parliament

Joaquim Nuñes de Almeida, Director for Public Procurement, European Commission, DG Internal Market and Services

Gen. Jean-Paul Paloméros, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, NATO

Moderated by SDA Co-president Jaap de Hoop Scheffer

Closing remarks: 

Olivier Darrason, Chairman, CEIS


13:30-14:30 LUNCH BREAK




Parallel session I: Maritime security around the world

From the boom in seaborne trade to the opening of new Arctic routes, and from piracy and illegal trafficking to pollution, maritime security is rising up fast the international agenda. Have anti-piracy operations proved the long hoped-for test- bed for EU-NATO cooperation, and is there a transatlantic strategy for the future of the seas? Could an integrated  EU maritime policy form the basis for a global approach? What sort of ships will future missions require, and could there be a clearer division of tasks between the EU and NATO in the maritime domain? What are the main EU and NATO capability gaps, and how best can these be filled?

Adm. Bertrand Aubriot, Director for Strategy and Development, DCNS

Vice Adm. Christian Canova, Deputy Commander Allied Maritime Command, NATO

Rear Adm. Charles-Henri du Ché, Head of Navy Foreign Relations, French Navy

Rear Adm. Eric Dupont, Deputy Operations Commander, EUNAVFOR Somalia 

Koen Vervaeke, Director for the Horn of Africa, East and Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean region, European External Action Service (EEAS)

Moderated by Patrick Keller, Security Policy Coordinator, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS)


Parallel session II: Information sharing as the key to counter-terrorism

The threat of terrorist attacks against Europe and America is as great as ever, and effective counter-terrorism policies rely above all on information-sharing. This is especially true within the "borderless" Schengen countries of the EU, but how good is intelligence cooperation between European and U.S. agencies? Do the political sensitivities of intelligence material make it as difficult as ever for NATO and EU governments to divulge secret information to one another in time to avert attacks? What role should be played by the EEAS and EU Intelligence Centre, and should Europeans be investing more in intelligence and information-targeted R&D?

Peter Knoope, Director of the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, The Hague

Illka Salmi, Director, EU Intelligence Analysis Centre, European External Action Service (EEAS) 

Frederik Schumann, CEIS, Member of the management team of the VIRTUOSO project and project coordinator of the RECOBIA project

Moderated by Axel Dyèvre, Director of the Brussels Office, CEIS


Parallel session III: EU-NATO: The search for a common cyber-strategy

Cyber-security and cyber-defence are set to remain a focus of media attention, as will such questions as whether EU and NATO member states now have coordinated strategies in place. What projects are there at national and international level, and what steps should businesses, governments and international organisations be taking? Is the general lack of cyber-security expertise a brake on improving security, and if so what solutions are available? Could pan-European training be part of the solution, and how might such a programme be coordinated?

Koen Gijsbers, General Manager of Communications and Information Agency, NATO

Sébastien Héon, Director of Political Affairs for Cassidian Cyber Security, EADS

Maciej Popowski, Deputy Secretary General for Inter-Institutional Affairs, European External Action Service (EEAS)

Marietje Schaake, Member of the European Parliament

Moderated by Giles Merritt, Director, Security & Defence Agenda (SDA)