Monday 7 November 2011

Crowne Plaza Europa Hotel, Brussels


Securing Europe's neighbourhood

Europe's security thinking is due to undergo an important overhaul once the EU's new diplomatic arm - the European External Action Service (EEAS) -formulates coherent responses to fast-moving security challenges. How can these responses be reconciled with member states' national political cultures and perceived interests? Issues ranging from missile defence to energy and military industrial cooperation to border security continue to divide member states and therefore EU relations with the Union's southern and eastern neighbourhoods. The idea of a pan-European security space that includes Russia has yet to find consensus in Europe, so what realistically should the EU's security objectives be and what political, economic and military instruments should it develop to further these?

Introductory remarks:
Stefan Gehrold, Director of the Brussels office, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS)

Keynote speaker:
Jan Borkowski, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Poland

Francis Delon, Secretary General, French General Secretariat for Defence and National Security
Ivan Soltanovskiy, Director of European Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Russia
Pierre Vimont, Executive Secretary General, European External Action Service (EEAS)

Moderated by: Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, SDA co-president and former NATO Secretary General and Giles Merritt, SDA Director

11:00-11:30 COFFEE BREAK


The role of the Weimar Triangle

The renewed Franco-British defence cooperation agreement was meant to give new impetus to EU's Common Foreign and security policy (CFSP). Have disagreements over military intervention in Libya highlighted weaknesses at the core of this policy? Can the renewed cooperation between France, Poland, and Germany promised by the so-called Weimar Triangle's summit in February 2011 give new impetus to the goal of a shared foreign policy? How might the Weimar Triangle harness political consensus in Europe to speed up decision-making and the planning and conduct of foreign operations? Is the EU now making progress in setting up its own command control structures and has the time come for a single military authority? What foreign affairs role should the rotating EU presidency exercise?

Jean-Louis Falconi, French PSC Ambassador to the European Union

Col. Rainer Meyer zum Felde, Vice-President, Federal College for Security Studies, Germany
Beata Peksa-Krawiec, Polish PSC Ambassador to the European Union
Lt.Gen. Ton Van Osch, Director General of the European Military Staff (EUMS)                                                                                     
Karl von Wogau, Secretary General, European Security Foundation, Founder of the Kangaroo Group

Moderated by: Pierre Defraigne, Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation

Improving Europe's situation awareness

France's 2008 Defence White Paper emphasised that "in a world characterised by uncertainty and instability, knowledge represents our first line of defence." Yet European leaders appear to have varying levels of reliable intelligence. Do national security providers liaise with each other, and do the entities that make up the embryo EU information service have the means to analyse fast-moving crises and plan responses? Can Europe enhance cooperation in the area of open-source intelligence, and would a central European open-source authority be useful?

Pascal Legai, Deputy Director of the EU Satellite Centre
Ange Mancini, Intelligence Coordinator, Office of the President, France
Felix Sanz Roldàn, Director of the Spanish National Intelligence Centre (CNI)
Frederik Schuman, Management Team, Virtuoso Project

Moderated by: Axel Dyèvre, Director of the European Office, CEIS

Strengthening Europe's crisis management

Crisis management in humanitarian emergencies is one of the EU's strengths, but rising demand for closer civ-mil cooperation means there is still room for improvement. What best practices are being drawn from operations in the Horn of Africa, and how can the tools now widely available throughout the EU be better coordinated? Can coordinated strategic planning between European development projects and crisis management teams improve the EU's security and peacekeeping efforts? What are the prospects for mutually beneficial co-operation in crisis management between the EU and other international actors such as NATO?

Franziska Katharina Brantner, Member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, European Parliament
Florika Fink-Hooijer, Head of Cabinet of EU Commissioner for International Cooperation & Humanitarian Aid Kristalina Georgieva
Yves de Kermabon, Counsellor to the Secretary General, European External Action Service (EEAS)
Agostino Miozzo, Managing Director for Crisis Response and Operational Coordination, European External Action Service (EEAS)
Col. Thomas Toussaint, Commander of the Joint "Civ-mil action" taskforce, French Armed Forces

Moderated by: Giles Merritt, SDA Director

13:00-14:0 LUNCH


 Reinforcing the EU drive on defence and security technologies

Europe's military shortcomings have made headlines around the world because the Libya crisis has coincided with recession-driven defence cuts across Europe. But what of Europe's defence industries now that the EU's defence package heralds the end to national exception from single market rules? Could it be that heightened concerns over Europe's security responsibilities will put cross-border partnerships, pooling and a drive against duplication much higher on the political agenda? Should the EU combine its long-standing aim of a single market in defence equipment with that of a single security market? Would such a move improve security of supply in the EU and help strengthen Europe's military outreach with advanced surveillance and weapons technologies?

Keynote speaker:
Michel Barnier, European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services

Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive, European Defence Agency (EDA)
Daniel Calleja-Crespo, Deputy Director General and Special Envoy for SMEs, European Commission Directorate-General for Enterprise                                                                                                                                                                                                                 IGA Pierre Schanne, Secretary General for Armament Systems Architecture, French Délégation Générale de l'Armement (DGA)
Christian Ehler, Member of the Subcommittee on Security and Defence, European Parliament

Moderated by: Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, SDA co-president and former NATO Secretary General, and Olivier Darrason, CEIS Chairman

15:30-16:00 COFFEE BREAK


Time for Europeans to bite the bullet on pooling and sharing

European forces face increasingly severe equipment shortages in key capability areas, ranging from tactical troop transport to civil protection. To what extent could greater pooling and sharing reinforce Europe's military outreach? Is it time for European countries to accept "mutualisation" of key types of equipment and personnel, and how far will NATO membership affect certain member states' choices? Are civilians better than their military counterparts at sharing capabilities?

Hilmar Linnenkamp, Adviser on International Security, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP)                                                      
François Lureau, Member of the EDA Wisemen group and former National Armaments Director, France
Jonathan Mullin, Capabilities Director, European Defence Agency (EDA)
Claus Sørensen, Director General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), European Commission

Moderated by: Jean Rannou, Director of Security & Defence, CEIS

 Europe's efforts to develop its cyberdefences

The European Commission and EEAS suffered a major cyber-attack on the eve of the March 24, 2011 summit, just months after an attack on France's finance ministry. Cybersecurity has for some time been top of the agenda for public and private sectors, yet the EU still has not developed a coherent response. What are the implications of this leadership vacuum for critical infrastructure protection? What can greater public-private partnerships do to provide solutions?


Axel Dyèvre, Director of the European Office, CEIS
Michael Hange, President of the German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI)
Col. Marek Pszczolka, Director of the Military Communications and Information Security Agency, Ministry of National Defence, Poland.
Steve Purser, Head of the Technical Department, European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA)

Moderated by: Olivier Zajec, Deputy Director of Strategic Studies & Solutions Department, CEIS

 The challenges for European maritime security

Operation Atalanta and the Libyan situation both demonstrate that the EU is increasingly dealing with the maritime dimension and global challenges such as organized crime, piracy, drug and human trafficking, illegal immigration or the disruption of trade routes and energy supplies. Can the EU harness the wide range of tools and agencies at its disposal, such as EMSA, FRONTEX and its member states' national navies, to specifically tackle these maritime challenges? What legal or technical hurdles still prevent the EU from defending its interests and strategic supplies at sea? Could a European Coastguard coordinate the many national and international actors at sea? What EU capabilities exist in maritime surveillance, and is there room for cooperation with NATO in this field?

Beate Gminder, Head of Unit for Maritime Policy, Directorate-General Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, European Commission
Brig.Gen. Ilkka Laitinen, Executive Director, Frontex
Admiral Anne-François de Saint Salvy, Préfet Maritime de l'Atlantique, France
Rear Admiral Stanislaw Zarychta, Commander of the Polish Maritime Operations Centre

Moderated by: Giles Merritt, SDA Director